The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

The Irish. They sing, dance, drink and sing some more. The lads were singing lullabies to a little baby in Bordeaux to try and get it to go to sleep.

北京城市副中心将建36个美丽家园

In this ranking of 90 European business schools, Insead in France leads the field for full-time and EMBA programmes, while the University of St Gallen in Switzerland is top for MiM. Iese of Spain and IMD of Switzerland were ranked number one for customised and open-enrolment executive education programmes respectively.
Yet, the disparity in haircuts lasted for almost two years. In fact, the pessimism and risk-aversion of the Seppenwolde lenders reduced the overall availability of leverage in Amsterdam.
在排行榜19年历史上,这是首次出现由两所院校包揽这两项排名头两名的情况。
muscular

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 11月全国楼市整体退热 房价虚高城市或有风险? in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

媒体评中介违规:明明能凭专业"吃饭" 为何偏要靠"挖坑"

PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

教育行业基本上还未受到在线服务交付的影响——但可能会在2018年经历戏剧性的变化。
6. Will we witness another global epidemic in 2010?
但关于是否会诞生另一个火爆产品,来打破关于后乔布斯时代苹果前途的质疑,库克许久以前就学会了耐心和相信自己的直觉,正如他在1998年加入正处在困境中的苹果时对质疑者置之不理一样。
The North has already warned that Park will "pay for his crimes in blood" if copies of the film make it across the border.

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

长久以来,科学家一直在研究干细胞分化为心脏组织的潜力,今年当他们创造出可以自己搏动的心脏组织时,这一研究工作达到了一个重要的里程碑。
Trailing China in 2015 was the UK with $1.9 billion, Japan, $1.8 billion, India, $1.6 billion, and South Korea, $1.5 billion.
节目10 歌曲《茉莉花》,宋祖英 席琳-迪翁

门窗市场品牌竞争:塑造“卖点”直击“痒点”

今年中国内地共有54所高校进入亚洲大学排行榜前300名。
'People in the community are affected by what I write, ' he says.

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 2017年家具行业发展动向 to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

新上榜学校中排名最高的是巴黎第九大学(Université Paris-Dauphine),排在第57位。
克普克表示,在这些情况下,美联储不但能引发危机,还会增加新兴市场因其他因素引发危机的脆弱性。
A new paper on the Dutch debacle, coauthored by Peter Koudijs at Stanford Graduate School of Business, turns up modern-day lessons about the not-so-scientific ways in which personal experience rather than market information can determine optimism, pessimism, and access to credit.
我们不会越俎代庖,不会超越区域去做不应是中国做的事情。

建材行业供需格局有望继续好转

感恩节当天,沃尔玛、塔吉特(Target)和Kmart等美国大型零售商都开门营业,以便借假日购物旺季大赚一笔。今年,沃尔玛开始营业的时间甚至比去年早了两个小时。但好市多拒绝加入“黑色星期五狂欢”,感恩节并没有开门营业。首席执行官克雷格杰利内克认为,给员工放一天假比提高公司利润更加重要。
紧缩政策促使一些企业寻求其他融资方案,比如债券或在全国中小企业股份转让系统上市。
这些专家都不是轻量级的。杰出的历史学家玛格丽特?麦克米伦(Margaret MacMillan)在2013年12月的一篇为布鲁金斯学会(Brookings)撰写的文章中说:“像1914年的世界一样,我们正在经历国际权力结构的转换,新兴大国正在挑战老牌大国。”她补充说,“如今,同样的一幕正发生在美国与中国,以及中国与日本之间”,同时她还表示,“中国与它另外两个邻国——越南和马来西亚——也有爆发冲突的可能性。”
请接受我节日的祝贺。
凯文·杜兰特
The Great American Eclipse
During the RoboCup 2500 contestants from 40 countries competed in 15 competitions with various types of computerized soccer robots, healthcare robots, rescue robots and dance robots.
The emotions were far more visceral and less attractive.
发布日期:2015年春季

7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

Typically, he writes, analysts “see the root cause of emerging markets’ susceptibility to crises in weak institutions that make countries vulnerable to economic and financial instability.”
你可能觉得我们对于列清单的爱好是从“十诫”继承而来,但安伯托·艾柯( Umberto Eco)的说法却正相反,“清单是文化的起源”,他写过一本书,《无限的清单》(The Infinity of Lists),书中在讨论自己熟悉的东西时这样说道。而且,文化希望“让无限变得可以理解”,并且“创造秩序——不是永远如此,但通常都是这样”,所以才有了荷马在《伊利亚特》中的人名清单,以及你冰箱上贴着的,永远做不完的家务清单。“我们喜欢清单,因为我们不想死,”艾柯还说,这可能是对“清单体”(listicle)的最佳解释了。
但是,斯蒂文森称“这或许反映出美国在保护本国钢铁制造商方面比欧盟更大胆”。
n. 衰微,跌落; 晚年
自从在2009年从榜单的第一位落到第五位之后,小甜甜布兰妮的排名继续下滑,随着嘎嘎小姐和贾斯汀 比伯这些新星的走红,布兰妮在2010年仅名列第十位。

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

斜着头,怒目,像受到惊吓的狗狗那样

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

游戏平台:Xbox One, Xbox 360
The lyrics are stupid, but who cares? Tom Jones sings like nobody's business, and pounds the theme to Thunderball out with a silky energy. It's powerful but alluring. This is the sort of song you imagine Bond would play on a jukebox when he's about to seduce you. There are better James Bond theme songs, but none from a male singer. Tom Jones and James Bond probably go out for dry martinis together all the time. They're the perfect pair.

Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

《日落》

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)